Проблемы совершенствования механизма регулирования и либерализации финансового рынка в условиях вступления Туркменистана в ВТО

Журнал «Кант» №4(41) 2021 [стр. 111-122]

DOI: 10.24923/2222-243X.2021-41.21

Авторы: Хабыева Айсолтан, аспирантка, магистр права, кафедра Мировой экономики и менеджмента, Кубанский государственный университет, Краснодар

Ключевые слова: Всемирная торговая организация; торговля услугами; либерализация рынка; ГАТС; ГАТТ; Туркменистан; вступление в ВТО; специфические обязательства; переговоры; финансовые услуги.

Цель исследования – разработка предложений по либерализации сектора финансовых услуг экономики Туркменистана в условиях потенциального присоединения страны к Всемирной торговой организации. В статье рассмотрены проблемы и вызовы, с которыми может столкнуться Туркменистан в процессе переговоров об условиях присоединения к ВТО. Научная новизна заключается в теоретическом обосновании целесообразности в рамках первоначального перечня специфических обязательств страны, предусмотренных ГАТС, в кратко- и среднесрочной перспективе сохранить статус-кво в торговле финансовыми услугами. В результате рекомендовано в условиях макроэкономики и ее переходного характера, учитывая непредсказуемую волатильность цен на углеводороды, оставить без изменения существующие в национальном законодательстве ограничения по доступу на рынок финансовых услуг и по национальному режиму при градуальном процессе снятия ограничений по движению капитала и полной его либерализации.

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Problems of improving the mechanism of regulation and liberalization of the financial market in the conditions of Turkmenistan's accession to the WTO

Authors: Habyyeva Aysoltan, Postgraduate student, LLM, Department of International Economics and Management, Kuban State University, Krasnodar

Keywords: World Trade Organization; trade in services; market liberalization; GATS; GATT; Turkmenistan; WTO accession; specific commitments; negotiations; financial services.

The purpose of the study is to develop proposals for the liberalization of the financial services sector of the economy of Turkmenistan in the context of the country's potential accession to the World Trade Organization. The article considers the problems and challenges that Turkmenistan may face in the process of negotiations on the terms of accession to the WTO. The scientific novelty lies in the theoretical justification of the expediency of maintaining the status quo in trade in financial services in the short and medium term within the initial list of specific obligations of the country provided for by the GATS.  As a result, in the conditions of macroeconomy and its transitional nature, taking into account the unpredictable volatility of hydrocarbon prices, it is recommended to leave the existing restrictions on access to the financial services market and on the national regime unchanged in the context of a gradual process of lifting restrictions on the movement of capital and its complete liberalization.
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