"Наши уши жили своей жизнью". Слуховые переживания в автобиографической литературе Бреслау времен Третьего рейха

Журнал «KANT Social Sciences & Humanities Series» №1(5) 2021 [стр. 5]

DOI: 10.24923/2305-8757.2021-5.1

Авторы: Августинс Аннелис, докторант-литературовед, Антверпенский университет, Брюссельский свободный университет, Брюссель, Бельгия ORCID 0000-0002-5320-4838

Ключевые слова: городской звуковой пейзаж; Бреслау; Третий рейх; автобиографии; дневники; личность; травма.

С приходом к власти Адольфа Гитлера в январе 1933 года национал-социалисты установили свое господство в центре города Бреслау, используя различные визуальные и слуховые элементы, включая свастику, пение, марширование, распространение слухов, чтобы распространить свое влияние и удержать людей. под контролем. Как эти изменения в звуковом ландшафте города использовались для социальной изоляции и обозначения территорий? Как их пережило еврейское население и как они могут быть связаны с вопросами идентичности и (не) принадлежности? Ответ на эти вопросы с помощью корпуса автобиографических писаний – как дневников, так и автобиографий – еврейских жертв из города Бреслау будет основной целью данной статьи. Это исследование литературных свидетельств будет сосредоточено на постоянных и меняющихся звуках пропаганды в Бреслау.

Augustyns A. "Our Ears Lived Their Own Lives". The Auditory Experience in Breslau Autobiographical Literature during the Third Reich // Avant, Vol. XI, No. 3. doi: 10.26913/avant.2020.03.32

Перевод кандидата полит. н. М.А. Григорьевой.

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"Our Ears Lived Their Own Lives". The Auditory Experience in Breslau Autobiographical Literature during the Third Reich

Authors: Augustyns Annelies, doctoral researcher in literary studies, University of Antwerp, Vrije Universiteit Brussel, Brussel, Belgium

Keywords: city soundscape; Breslau; 'Third Reich'; autobiographies; diaries; identity; trauma.

With Adolf Hitler coming to power in January 1933, the National Socialists staged their dominance in the city center of Breslau by using various visual and auditory elements - including swastikas, singing, marching, dispersing rumors - to spread their influence and keep the people under control. How were these changes in the city soundscape used for social exclusion and territory-marking? How were they experienced by the Jewish population and how can they be related to questions of identity and (non-)belonging? Addressing these questions with the corpus of autobiographical writings – both diaries and autobiographies – from Jewish victims from the city of Breslau will be the main aim of this article. This study of literary testimonies will focus on the constant and changing sounds of propaganda in Breslau, sound technologies such as radio and loudspeakers used for propaganda, and the relation between sound, identity, and trauma.